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It is not Utah – demand for the software everywhere high
I know that the example was selected for drawing attention of readers. And yes, labor market of software developers of the State of Utah, really, promptly develops, but it is important to understand in what the reason of such growth. In scales of the state Utah represents quite small market reaching about 2000-3000 vacancies of software developers. It is, to put it mildly, not 12000-20000 in New York and not a stable demand for 10000-15000 specialists of this profile in San Francisco. And we gave examples not of the only cities, having read sentences of which will involuntarily think of hopelessness of work of the programmer in Salt Lake City.
- Washington, District of Columbia, 5300
- Auckland, California, 4700
- San Jose, California 4000
- Boston, Massachusetts, 3000
- Los Angeles, California, 2000
You want to become the programmer?
Move, literally, anywhere.
Lack of qualified personnel – a real problem. And serious.
It is impossible to eliminate shortage of talented specialists, just filling the market with beginners.
In the article Mashable was heard the formulation, having read which it is possible to think as if so many people study as programmers that as a result between them there is incredibly high competition. Here cruel truth:
Software development always was and remains very difficult specialization demanding various skills including sociability, readiness for cooperation and knowledge of technical documentation. Not for nothing the salary of programmers, as a rule, exceeds average twice: and everything is not so simple.
- You have to have an explicit interest in this field of activity and sufficient motivation;
- You have to be able to study quickly and with pleasure (technologies promptly change);
- You have to be very sociable and ready to cooperation;
- You have to be able to concentrate on parts (important on stages of start and debugging of software) and a picture in general (in development process);
- You have to have practical knowledge of mathematics, logic, and also tendency to abstract thinking;
- You have to be ready and have an opportunity to work overtime on improvement of skills.
If it about you, I think, you will cope. If is not present, studying of bases of programming all the same can do good, but in this case you nevertheless should select other profession. It is absolutely logical that one specialty cannot be ideally suited for all. And it is normal.
If it is impossible to find work, perhaps, it is necessary to tighten separate skills or to practise creation of samples of OSS to prove that you are suitable for this or that vacancy.
If it is not possible to find work, you do not hurry to blame for it a situation in labor market.
Actually, the companies just found effective mechanisms of determination of the valid level of proficiency in necessary skills, so far as concerns the specific candidate.
Yes, the problem of shortage of qualified personnel is not solved due to emergence in labor market of a huge number of beginners (and a lot of time was required that to understand it). Development of a software development sphere, unfortunately, still considerably advances increase in number of good specialists. In other words, if to speak on behalf of employers, it is much more vacancies, than suitable candidates.
The situation is so difficult that is frequent, without finding the necessary frames in the most promising cities, it is necessary to expand geography of searches up to the international level. If we speak about the most hi-tech companies of the world, the number of the foreign citizens occupied in the corresponding startups, on average, reaches 29%. In the Silicon Valley — 45%.
It costs dearer for tens of thousands of dollars, and quite often it is necessary to wait not for one month to employ residents of other countries according to the visa of H1-B. You think, it would be worth suffering so if qualification of local gurus conformed to requirements of employers?
If representatives of the whole industry, the government and the U.S. President note that we faced deficit of the qualified software developers, it sounds far more convincingly, than arguments from article in some unfortunate blog with a claim for sensation.
Why it is difficult to find work
It is possible to find a set of articles in which the problem of shortage of qualified personnel is not considered because their authors, you see heard that it is difficult to find work on technical specialty in a network. And now about the real situation: there is a number of other reasons for which your roommate cannot get a job. Here the most widespread of them:
- The companies usually are not interested in outstanding knowledge of popular, but absolutely useless methods, such as interactive electronic boards or situational tasks (if you concentrated on these tools, throw, while the getting is good. They do not work and, in addition, stand much). At such approach many potential specialists are eliminated. It is necessary to improve constantly the principles of search to find really outstanding candidates.
- The vacancies assuming a possibility of preliminary training are offered extremely seldom. Though in some cases in attempt to find outstanding developers the companies should agree and on the worst – to hire junior developers and to adjust training at production – where, actually, specialists and get the most valuable experience.
Why the companies do not hurry to employ junior developers who can be trained on site? If at the enterprise there are no suitable conditions, junior developers make the first feasible contribution to development of common cause only, approximately, in a year. Unfortunately, specialists of this class are not often delayed on one place more than a year. For this reason, employment is profitable to offer the companies to junior developers only if its command, really, is a good judge of selection of future star frames and their training, and also it is sure of loyalty of the trained employees.
Good news: the best candidates get to commands where they should study constantly. Promising development teams impart culture of training, employ outstanding mentors and accept those who are ready to improve the skills in the ranks. Such collectives not only achieve the best results, but also do not face a problem of routine of frames. In these conditions beginners quickly become trainers, obviously feel motivation and derive pleasure from work, and therefore remain in the company for a long time.
If you the weak candidate, you face certain difficulties in any market, but if you have a good portfolio and you understand that you do, remember:
It is the market of applicants to a position of software developers and soon it will not change.
- Perspectives of growth of labor market of software developers for 2012-2022: 22% — are almost twice higher than average values on all categories of specialties.
- In the United States software developers take the second place in the list of the most high-growth professional areas. Only official labor market of nurses increases quicker.
- Now demand for software developers is calculated by hundreds of thousands of vacancies and, it is expected that by 2020 this market will exceed one million vacancies.
Even all these convincing facts assume very narrow vision of perspectives of a profession of the programmer. Let's take a step back and we will look at a picture in general.
It would be desirable to share with you several slides from the presentation about value of programming in which it is explained why it is still important to train more specialists of this profile.
The software absorbs the world,
The Internet subordinates to itself the software,
In 2000 the profession of the driver was the most widespread almost in all states:
In 2000 labor market of drivers dominated over indicators of other professions
Programmers did not even get on the card. By 2014 in 4 states the position of software developer was the most widespread:
By 2014 software developers came to the forefront in 4 states
By 2045 at the person driving the car will look, how at a horse in a team.
Mercedes F 015 — Ars Electronica (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
For example, Uber already throws a monkey-wrench into the works of the world industry of services of a taxi. By 2020 the company is going to purchase half a million self-driving cars, and by 2020 the company intends to purchase 500 thousand pilotless vehicles.
By 2035 45% of modern professions will disappear, but at schools do not teach what is required for employment in the future.
In 4/5 schools of the USA do not teach programming
Changes happen more and more promptly
Under the influence of programming, practically, all spheres of the industry undergo improbable transformations if do not lose relevance at all. And, despite expressions concerning insolvency of the law of Moore – someone hurries to tell that it became obsolete (I repeatedly came up against such situations personally) – rates of technology conversions grow in geometrical progression.
Almost under each article it is possible to find the comment that Moore's law – the last century, and at the same time for any of them I can give examples of 3 technologies capable again to return this resolution to life. Here, for example, next heading:
"Google: Our quantum computer of 100 million times quicker, than normal system"
We enter an era of technology boom where both for us, and it will be obvious to our children that the technology progresses quicker, than the person manages to adapt to it. And nothing demonstrates possible decrease in so prompt rates. And hardly we or our children will live up to such times.
Here the small list of the technologies promoting true revolution and ready to fill up bank of vacancies with thousands of requests in 2016:
- Virtual reality;
- Augmented reality;
- 3D - printing and robotization of production;
- Mobile payments;
- Cryptocurrency, Bitcoin and Blockchain.
And now we will analyze the facts:
Computers – the new version of paper and ink, and programming – alternative of literacy.
Expressions that we can train "too many" programmers it is absurd. The more programmers, the there are more companies specializing in software development, and, so they will be always need new frames.
If to consolidate all text of article to one output to which it is worth paying attention let it sounds so:
Training in the field of development program providing represents an effective cycle which cannot be settled due to increase in number of programmers. Just there will be more Facebook-ov, Google and Tesla which will want to employ them.
So for what you wait?
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