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2 years, 11 months ago
The Samsung Electronics company declared start of the first solid-state drive of Samsung of a series 950 PRO of a form factor of M.2 with the scalable NVM Express controller (Non – Volatile Memory Express). Let's understand why Samsung passes to a new form factor and the controller, and also than it is good for the user.

New Samsung of 950 Pro PCIe SSD: everything that should be known

In brief about characteristics. According to the statement of the vendor, PRO 950 will be available in versions 256 and 512 of Gbytes. The senior version provides the consecutive speed of reading/record to 2500 MB / with and 1500 MB/s respectively. Speed of accidental reading – to 300.000 IOPS, and records – 110.000 IOPS. The model is equipped with 32-layer MLC V-NAND UBX – the controller of the second generation of Samsung on 128 Gbytes and the software for monitoring of Samsung Magician. The drive provides AES enciphering (256 bits) for data security. The Dynamic Thermal Guard technology ensures functioning of the device in the range of temperatures from 0 to 70 °C. The model bears blows to 1 500 G during 0,5 ms and vibration to 20 G.

M.2 form factor


Originally the bus M.2 was developed as more high-speed and compact replacement of mSATA.
SSD interface
Maximum theoretical flow capacity
Maximum actual flow capacity (assessment)
SATA III
6 Gbit / with (750 MB/s)
600 MB/s
PCIe 2.0 x2
8 Gbit / with (1 Gbyte / c)
800 MB/s
PCIe 2.0 x4
16 Gbit / with (2 Gbytes / c)
1,6 Gbyte / with
PCIe 3.0 x4
32 Gbit / with (4 Gbytes / c)
3,2 Gbyte / with

New Samsung of 950 Pro PCIe SSD: everything that should be known
It is formal M.2 represents a mobile kind of the SATA Express protocol described in the SATA 3.2 specification. This interface can be compatible to the devices working under the SATA, PCI Express and USB 3.0 protocols. Supports M.2 to four PCI Express lines while SATA Express connectors transfer data only on two such lines. Payments have identical width in 22 mm, but at once five options of length: 30, 42, 60, 80 or 110 mm.

М.2 can have several keys notches at once that does them compatible to several types of slots at the same time. The key like B located instead of contacts with numbers 12-19 means that in the slot no more than two PCI Express lines are brought. The key of type M taking contact positions 59-66 means that the slot possesses four PCI Express lines and therefore can provide higher performance.

M.2-плата has to not only approach by the size, but also have an arrangement of keys, compatible to the slot. Keys limit mechanical compatibility between different connectors and payments of a form factor of M.2 and interferes with the wrong installation of drives in the slot.
The slot of M.2 with a key like B (Socket 2)
The slot of M.2 with a key like M (Socket 3)
Scheme
New Samsung of 950 Pro PCIe SSD: everything that should be known
New Samsung of 950 Pro PCIe SSD: everything that should be known
Key arrangement
Contacts 12-19
Contacts 59-66
The supported interfaces
PCIe x2 and SATA (optionally) PCIe x4 and SATA (optionally)
Source: www.3dnews.ru

Today slots of M.2 are represented by the most perspective for SSD: they are capable to provide the highest flow capacity among all existing options of connection of solid-state drives.

What is NVMe?


The most serious problem for SSD today – passband limiting of the old buses Serial ATA and Serial Attached SCSI (SAS). Flow capacity of the latest SATA-III makes 600 MB/s, data transmission rate of Serial Attached SCSI (SAS 12G) makes 1,2 Gbytes / page. Modern SSD are capable of bigger.

The NVMe protocol accelerates the operations I/O due to failure from a stack of the SAS (SCSI) commands. NVMe SSD are connected directly in the bus PCIe. Applications receive a sharp gain of performance from I/O-activity shift with SAS/SATA SSD and HDD on NVMe SSD. Memory devices of new type of storage are non-volatile (non-volatile) and access rate to them significantly below – at the level of delays of operational (volatile) memory.

New Samsung of 950 Pro PCIe SSD: everything that should be known

The NVMe controller shows all benefits of SSD: very low delays of access and huge depth of queue on read operations and record. Extremely low latency of storage devices significantly reduces probability of blocking of data sheets at their updates. It is critical for the multiuser databases with the difficult and interconnected tables.

New Samsung of 950 Pro PCIe SSD: everything that should be known

The M.2 connector on the motherboard.

Today NVM Express (NVMe) support all ASUS motherboards on sets of system logic Intel Z97 Express and X99 Express – for this purpose it is necessary to update UEFI BIOS and in the form of an option to use an expansion card of ASUS Hyper Kit.

New Samsung of 950 Pro PCIe SSD: everything that should be known


The expansion card allows owners of payments to connect on a chipset of X99 drives of a standard size 2,5" with the NVMe interface – for example Intel SSD 750, using the SFF-8639 connector (mini-SAS HD). On the disk there will be a SFF-8639 connector too, it looks so:

New Samsung of 950 Pro PCIe SSD: everything that should be known


New Samsung of 950 Pro PCIe SSD: everything that should be known


If on the motherboard there is no M.2 connector or not an opportunity to use it, there are payments adapters for PCIe:

New Samsung of 950 Pro PCIe SSD: everything that should be known


The Supermicro company provided the solutions optimized under NVMe:

New Samsung of 950 Pro PCIe SSD: everything that should be known

According to the statement of the vendor, SuperServer with preparation under NVMe Virtual SAN shows the indicators of performance and density, best in the industry, in  a solution 1U Ultra 10x NVMe (SYS-1028U-VSNF series) which is easily scaled under needs of the corporate environment, data processing centers and cloudy applicaions.

2U Ultra 24x NVMe SuperServer (SYS-2028U-TN24RT+) increases NVMe density with a possibility of "hot" replacement and can be delivered in even more high density configurations — to 24x2,5 ″ to NVMe with 1U replacements more hotly.

Two new solutions 2U Virtual SAN Ready Node only on created based on SSD flash-drives, in architecture of Ultra (SYS-2028U-VSNF series) and TwinPro (SYS-2028TP-VSNF) support to 480 virtual computers in 4 nodes.

In general at Supermicro there is the whole line of servers for NVMe-carriers, they are still rare on sale as well as carriers.

However, we will return to Samsung of 950 Pro.

Specification of Samsung 950 Pro


Samsung of 950 Pro
Vendor Samsung
Series
950 Pro
Model number
MZVKV256
MZVKV512
Form factor
M.2 2280
Interface
PCI Express 3.0 x4 – NVMe
Capacity
256 Gbyte
512 Gbyte
Configuration
Memory chips: type, interface, technical process, vendor
Samsung 128-Gbit 32-layer MLC V-NAND
Memory chips: the number / number of NAND devices in the chip
2/8
2/16
Controller
Samsung of UBX
DRAM buffer: type, volume
LPDDR3-1600, 512 MB
Performance
Max. steady speed of consecutive reading
2200 MB/s
2500 MB/s
Max. steady speed of consecutive record
900 MB/s
1500 MB/s
Max. speed of any reading (blocks on 4 Kb)
270000 IOPS
300000 IOPS
Max. speed of any record (blocks on 4 Kb)
85000 IOPS
110000 IOPS
Physical characteristics
Power consumption: failure to act / chteniye-zapis
1,7/6,4 W
1,7/7,0 W
MTBF (mean time between failures)
1,5 million hours
Record resource
200 Tbyte
400 Tbyte
Overall dimensions: D × In × 
 80,15 × 22,15 × 2,38 mm
Weight
10 g
Guaranty period
5 years
Recommended price
$200
$350

Unlike the OEM drive of Samsung SM951-NVMe progressive three-dimensional MLC V-NAND is the cornerstone of 950 Pro. In SM951 the flash memory, made on 16-nanometer technical process is used normal planar.

Very important: in the UEFI BIOS motherboard the NVMe-driver for loading of OS from 950 Pro has to contain.

950 Pro in some cases can be warmed rather strongly – at the maximum load this SSD is capable to select to 6-7 W. At the same time, marks out anandtech.com, it is not a serious problem. The official position of the software vendor to this occasion is as follows: "Temperature of 950 Pro increases up to upper limit only in case of continuous, long and difficult loading which is not characteristic of client SSD. Decrease in performance at consecutive single record on the drive about 100 Gbytes of data can hardly affect normal users somehow. That is, in case of use of the drive as a part of the normal PC the problem of an overheat is improbable".

Showed very good results in the majority of the anandtech.com tests of 950 Pro:

New Samsung of 950 Pro PCIe SSD: everything that should be known New Samsung of 950 Pro PCIe SSD: everything that should be known

New Samsung of 950 Pro PCIe SSD: everything that should be known New Samsung of 950 Pro PCIe SSD: everything that should be known
Source: www.anandtech.com

Significantly it lost only in the test of accidental record that is going to be corrected further a new firmware.

Servers and M.2


In the majority of the M.2 servers it is possible to put only via the riser card PCIe which is put through a rayzer-payment. We did not manage to find such payments available in Russia, but it is probable, the situation will improve soon as on Ebay, aliexpress and many other places they are on sale much.

For server applications use of such drive will allow to accelerate considerably work of the database (especially large reference books), to add IOPS for system of virtualization and to use them in the form of a cache of pictures/JSON given with an amount up to 512 Gbytes, for example, - objects and other that cannot get into RAM servers. The price of a question is only 13000 rubles for 256 GB of the version and about 30000 rubles for SSD on 512 GB.

As an alternative available there are such payments:

New Samsung of 950 Pro PCIe SSD: everything that should be known

It is Kingston HyperX Predator on 480 Gbytes, the SHPM2280P2H/480G model. As we can notice, the same connector, Samsung of 950 Pro in it in the same way will rise if necessary. It is just a set of a payment + SSD M.2 PCIe. The price in the market – 33000 rubles.

For the same money it is possible to purchase Intel 750 Series of 400 GB SSDPEDMW400G4R5. At it all chips of NAND are unsoldered on a payment therefore if something breaks, only in the service center:

New Samsung of 950 Pro PCIe SSD: everything that should be known

It is a little about HOSTKEY


New Samsung of 950 Pro PCIe SSD: everything that should be known Since 2008 we lease the selected and virtual servers, we provide services of placement of servers in 4 data-centers of Moscow, including two Tiyer-III of the certified DPCs. We specialize in large dedicated servers and creation of private clouds and clusters for our clients on their basis.

For our readers we have a hot sentence: Servers available based on supercomputers of the T-platform and Intel Xeon E5-2630v2 processors at a discount 15% until the end of December (or so far they will not end) when using a promo code of TMW5U0S8SE

For example for comparison:

New Samsung of 950 Pro PCIe SSD: everything that should be known – 2xE5-2630v2 (12x2,6 GHz) / 64Gb RAM/1x1Tb SSD+1x1Tb 7,2K HDD = 17000r in a month, at a discount 14450.
– 2xE5-2630v2 (12x2,6 GHz) / 128Gb RAM/1x2Tb SSD+1x2Tb 7,2K HDD = 25700r in a month, at a discount 21800
– 2xE5-2630v2 (12x2,6 GHz) / 256Gb RAM/2x2Tb Samsung SSD = 36500r in a month, at a discount 31000
– 2xE5-2630v2 (12x2,6 GHz) / 32Gb RAM/2x600Gb SAS 10K = 13650r in a month, at a discount 11600r

All prices including VAT, the configuration is possible practically any.

All servers are connected on the gigabit channel, a traffic limit 10tb without restrictions. To each dedicated server remote access through IPMI is provided, the VLAN organization at a speed to 10Gbps is possible.

This article is a translation of the original post at habrahabr.ru/post/271661/
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