Multiplication by a method of the Russian peasants
2 years, 5 months ago
Sometimes this method call "country multiplication", sometimes "Ancient Egyptian", sometimes "Ethiopian", sometimes "multiplication through doubling and halving". Some it is well-known, some – is unclear, but at the same time it is rather useful and can be used not only for multiplication, but also for exponentiation and calculations of matrixes.
13 x 19 -> 0
6 38 19
3 76 ->
1 152 -> 95
0 304 247
Let's write two multiplied numbers nearby – they will become headings of two columns. The third column will contain the increasing sum.
If number in the left column odd, we add number from the right column to the increasing sum. Initially it will be equal to zero.
Then in the left column below we write number from heading, divided in half (with discarding of a remaining balance). 13 / 2 = 6. And in the second column we write the number equal to doubling of column heading, 19*2 = 38.
As number in the left column even, we do not increase the increasing sum.
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